What is HIV?
HIV stands for Human Immunity Virus. Human Immunity Virus infects the Macrophages (Monocytes in its most mature state), and the T type of White Blood Cells Lymphocytes leading to a chronic Low White Blood Cells Count (Leukopenia).
How is HIV Transmitted?
In most conditions, Human Immunity Virus is sexually transmitted virus. HIV can be transferred either by human semen from a male to a partner, or by the vaginal fluid from a female to a partner during an unprotected sexual intercourse. Vaginal sex is not the only way HIV is sexually transmitted. HIV can be transmitted in any sexual activity that includes exposure to body fluids, for example, unprotected oral sex is an activity that causes high HIV transmission opportunity.
Human Immunity Virus can be also transmitted by blood or blood products transfusion. Donated blood and blood products are tested to HIV to prevent such a case from happening.
Human Immunity Virus can be also transmitted from a pregnant mother to her new born child during pregnancy or during delivery. HIV can also be transmitted from the infected mother to her infant through her breast milk.
HIV Infection Early Diagnosis
HIV is a Lent Virus, a lent virus is a virus that slowly replicates by incorporating its DNA into the host cell DNA causing the hot cell to produce new copies of the virus.
In its early phases, HIV infection doesn’t show visible or solid symptoms to help diagnosing and treating it. Patients that have HIV infections may not show any symptoms at all during its early stage, sometimes the infection can show symptoms that are similar to influenza-like infections. During early stages, HIV blood test is the only practical and effective method to determine if a patient has HIV or not. For those who may worry about having HIV infection while they don’t show any visible symptoms of the virus infection, I advise them to test for HIV as early as they can before it gets harder to cure.
HIV Infection Late Stages
By infecting the white blood cells, HIV weakens the defense system a human body naturally has. A weakened human immunity leads to the increased possibility of bacterial and viral infections causing weak bacteria and microorganisms in the surrounding environment to be a serious threat to the patient life. At late stages of HIV infections, and to prevent such a threat, patients will be required to stay in a hospital with a controlled environment under Neutropenic Precautions applied procedures.